Trickle Impregnation Technique

Trickle Varnishing Machine

Trickle Impregnation Technique

In today’s competitive world the electrical insulation materials and the processes are viewed with tremendous cost and quality consciousness. Varnishing of electrical machine winding forms a major part of the total cost of the electrical insulating materials. With the increasing costs of energy and solvents for use in varnishing, it has become a need of the hour to look into the change in the conventional impregnation methods such as Dip and bake varnishing or the Vacuum impregnation.​

On this background Trickle impregnation technique was evolved to improve the varnishing quality coupled with reduced cost. This technique is now well accepted and used for impregnating stators / fields and armatures / rotors in all the advanced countries.

Trickle Impregnation Technique :

The resin applied on the winding is quickly sucked through the slots. Assisted by the capillary action it pushes out the trapped air from the small voids and gaps in the winding and penetrates evenly in all the voids.

The essential point for successful application of the trickle impregnating resin is the correct adjustment and the control of the winding temperature.

The essential point for successful application of the trickle impregnating resin is the fine

setting and the control of the winding temperature.

DESIGN OF TRICKLE IMREGNATION PLANT

The design of a trickle Impregnation Plant plays a vital role in ensuring the uniform quality of a trickle impregnation. Any trickle impregnation plant should have the following essential features.

  • Automated Cycle, independent of operator.
  • Arrangement for quick mounting and for making the         connections of resistance heating.
  • Precise temperature control of the winding.
  • Accurately metered resin quantity required for the         component.
  • The trickle impregnation plants with the above features are custom built taking into account several factors such as production rate, size and shape of the component, type of trickle resin etc.

    Mainly three types of trickle impregnation plants are popular for various types of components.

    Multi Spindle Trickle Impregnation plant ( Batch type ) :

    It is ideal for stators of A. C. motors. Depending on the production rate the quantity of the spindles can be decided.

    setting and the control of the winding temperature.

    Multi Spindle Rotary Indexing Type Trickle Plant :

     It is ideal for medium size stators and rotors e.g. armature and field coils of hand tools, auto electrical, household

    Conveyorised Trickle Impregnation Plant :

    This plant is similar to that of indexing type. However a chain conveyor carries the components instead of indexing movement. This plant is especially suitable for large output of impregnated small and medium sized components.

    Generally this plant is installed in a conveyor production line of components.

    Advantages of Trickle Impregnation :

    Trickle impregnation process is especially characterized by its low energy cost due to a very short cycle time compared to Dip varnishing or the Vacuum impregnation. Compared to the Dip and bake varnishing method, which uses varnishes containing 50 to 55% solvents and the impregnation cycle of 8 hrs to 24 hrs. Trickle impregnation cycle times are substantially low to the tune of 20 min. to 40 min. Hence it is quite evident that trickle impregnation process offers the most cost economical answer to the impregnation process.